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Feb 13, 2017

EBOOK - Automobile and Mechanical Electrical Systems (Tom Denton)



EBOOK - Hệ thống cơ điện tử trên ô tô - Tác giả: Tom Denton (527 Trang).

One of the things that I fi nd most interesting about automotive technology is how it advances and changes. It is also interesting that ideas from many years ago often return to favour. In this book I have therefore concentrated on core technologies, in other words how the technology works, rather than giving too many examples from specifi c vehicles.
However, I have included some examples of Formula 1 technology, arguably the pinnacle of automotive engineering. Did you know that the 2011 McLaren MP4-26 F1 car is made of 11  500 components? And that’s counting the engine as one!
Automobile Advanced Fault Diagnosis
The fi rst of its type to be published in full colour, this book concentrates on essential knowledge and will cover everything you need to get started with your studies, no matter what qualifi cation (if any) you are working towards.


Chapter 1  Overview and introduction   1
1.1 Vehicle categories  1
1.1.1 Layouts  1
1.1.2  Types and sizes  3
1.1.3 Body design  3
1.1.4  Chassis type and body panels  3
1.1.5 Main systems  6
1.1.6 Summary  7
1.2  The motor industry  8
1.2.1 Introduction  8
1.2.2  Types of motor vehicle companies  9
1.2.3 Company structure  11
1.2.4  Role of a franchised dealer  12
1.2.5  Reception and booking systems  12
1.2.6 Parts department  12
1.2.7  Estimating costs and times  13
1.2.8  Jobcards and systems  13
1.2.9 Invoicing  14
1.2.10 Warranties  15
1.2.11  Computerized workshop system  15
1.3 Working safely  18
1.3.1 Introduction  18
1.3.2  The key UK regulations and laws  19
1.3.3  Health and safety law: what you need to know  20
1.3.4  Personal protective equipment (PPE)  23
1.3.5  Identifying and reducing hazards  24
1.3.6 Moving loads  25
1.3.7 Vehicle safety  28
1.3.8 Safety procedures  29
1.3.9 Fire  29
1.3.10  Clean  working  environment  32
1.3.11  Signage  33
1.3.12  Environmental  protection  33
1.4  Basic science, materials, mathematics and mechanics  36
1.4.1 Introduction  36
1.4.2 Units  37
1.4.3  Velocity and acceleration  39
1.4.4 Friction  39
1.4.5 Pressure  39
1.4.6  Centre of gravity or centre of mass  40
1.4.7 Oscillation  40
1.4.8  Energy, work and power  40
1.4.9  Force and torque  42
1.4.10  Mass, weight and force  43
1.4.11  Volume and density  43
1.4.12  Heat and temperature  44
1.4.13 Percentages  44
1.4.14 Fractions  44
1.4.15 Ratios  45
1.4.16 Areas  45
1.4.17 Volumes  45
1.4.18 Indices  45
1.4.19 Drawings  46
1.4.20 Mechanical machines  48
1.4.21 Gears  48
1.4.22 Hydraulics  49
1.4.23  Materials and properties  49
1.5  Tools and equipment  51
1.5.1 Hand tools  51
1.5.2 Test equipment  52
1.5.3 Workshop equipment  53
1.6  Workshop bench skills  54
1.6.1 Introduction  54
1.6.2  Fitting and machining  57
1.6.3 Filing  58
1.6.4 Drilling  59
1.6.5 Cutting  59
1.6.6 Thread cutting  60
1.6.7 Joining  62
1.6.8  Nuts and bolts  63
1.6.9 Adhesives  65
1.6.10 Soldering  66
1.6.11 Brazing  66
1.6.12 Welding  67
1.6.13 Shrinking  68
1.6.14  Compression fi tting  68
1.6.15 Riveting  69
1.6.16 Gaskets  69
1.6.17 Sealants  70
1.6.18  Oil seals  70
1.7  Servicing and inspections  71
1.7.1 Introduction  71
1.7.2  Rules and regulations  73
1.7.3 Service sheets  73
1.7.4 Road test  74
1.7.5  Effects of incorrect adjustments  76
1.7.6  Maintenance and inspections  76
1.7.7 Information sources  78
Chapter 2  Engine systems   81
2.1 Engine mechanical  81
2.1.1  Introduction and operating cycles  81
2.1.2  Engine operating details  90
2.1.3 Engine components  109
2.2 Engine lubrication  137
2.2.1  Friction and lubrication  137
2.2.2  Methods of lubrication  140
2.2.3 Lubrication system  140
2.2.4 Oil fi lters  143
2.2.5 Oil pumps  145
2.2.6 Standards  147
2.3 Engine cooling  151
2.3.1 Introduction  151
2.3.2 System operation  151
2.3.3 Interior heater  166
2.4  Air supply, exhaust and emissions  168
2.4.1  Air pollution and engine combustion  168
2.4.2 Reducing pollution  169
2.4.3  Air supply system  172
2.4.4 Exhaust systems  176
2.4.5 Catalyst systems  179
2.4.6  Emission control systems  181
2.4.7  Turbocharging and supercharging  184
2.5 Fuel systems  189
2.5.1  Introduction  189
2.5.2  Petrol fuel injection systems  194
2.5.3  Diesel fuel injection systems  217
2.5.4  Alternative  fuels  231
2.6 Ignition systems  236
2.6.1  Ignition  overview  236
2.6.2  Electronic  ignition  241
2.6.3  Distributorless ignition system (DIS)  244
2.6.4  Coil on plug (COP) direct ignition system  246
2.6.5  Spark  plugs  247
2.7 Hybrid cars  250
2.7.1 Safety  250
2.7.2 Hybrids overview  253
2.8  Formula 1 engine technology  255
2.8.1  Engines  overview  255
2.8.2  FIA technical regulations  258
Chapter 3  Electrical systems   259
3.1  Electrical and electronic principles  259
3.1.1 Electrical fundamentals  259
3.1.2  Electrical components and circuits  264
3.1.3 Electronic components  273
3.2 Engine electrical  275
3.2.1 Batteries  275
3.2.2 Starting system  282
3.2.3 Charging system  287
3.3  Lighting and indicators  293
3.3.1 Lighting systems  293
3.3.2  Stoplights and reverse lights  297
3.3.3 Interior lighting  299
3.3.4 Lighting circuits  299
3.3.5  Indicators and hazard lights  301
3.4  Body electrical and electronic systems  305
3.4.1  Washers and wipers  305
3.4.2 Horns  308
3.4.3 Obstacle avoidance  309
3.4.4 Cruise control  310
3.4.5  Seats, mirrors, sunroofs, locking and windows 312
3.4.6  Screen  heating  318
3.4.7  Security  systems  320
3.4.8 Safety systems  322
3.5  Monitoring and instrumentation  326
3.5.1 Sensors  326
3.5.2 Gauges  329
3.5.3  Global Positioning System (GPS)  332
3.6 Air conditioning  337
3.6.1  Air conditioning fundamentals  337
3.6.2  Air conditioning components  340
3.7  Formula 1 electrical technology  342
3.7.1  Introduction  342
3.7.2  Telemetry  343
3.7.3  FIA technical regulations  344
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