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Oct 12, 2017

EBOOK - Material science and Engineering An Introduction (William D.Callister)


EBOOK - Khoa học kỹ thuật vật liệu (William D.Callister) - 1000 Trang.

In this Eighth Edition we have retained the objectives and approaches for teaching materials science and engineering that were presented in previous editions.The first, and primary, objectiveis to present the basic fundamentals on a level appropriate for university/college students who have completed their freshmen calculus, chemistry, and physics courses. In order to achieve this goal, we have endeavored to use terminology that is familiar to the student who is encountering the discipline
of materials science and engineering for the first time, and also to define and explain all unfamiliar terms.

The second objectiveis to present the subject matter in a logical order, from the simple to the more complex. Each chapter builds on the content of previous ones.
The third objective,or philosophy, that we strive to maintain throughout the text is that if a topic or concept is worth treating, then it is worth treating in sufficient detail and to the extent that students have the opportunity to fully understand it without having to consult other sources; also, in most cases, some practical relevance is provided. Discussions are intended to be clear and concise and to begin at appropriate levels of understanding.

1. Introduction
Learning Objectives 2
1.1 Historical Perspective 2
1.2 Materials Science and Engineering 3
1.3 Why Study Materials Science and Engineering? 5
1.4 Classification of Materials 5
Materials of Importance—Carbonated Beverage
Containers 10
1.5 Advanced Materials 11
1.6 Modern Materials’ Needs 13
1.7 Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance
Correlations 14
Summary 16
References 17
Question 17
2. Atomic Structure and Interatomic Bonding 18
Learning Objectives 19
2.1 Introduction 19
ATOMICSTRUCTURE 19
2.2 Fundamental Concepts 19
2.3 Electrons in Atoms 20
2.4 The Periodic Table 26
ATOMICBONDING INSOLIDS 28
2.5 Bonding Forces and Energies 28
2.6 Primary Interatomic Bonds 30
2.7 Secondary Bonding or van der Waals Bonding 34
Materials of Importance—Water (Its Volume Expansion Upon
Freezing) 37
2.8 Molecules 38
Summary 38
Equation Summary 39
Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary 40
Important Terms and Concepts 40
References 40
Questions and Problems 41
Contents
• xiii
3. The Structure of Crystalline Solids 44
Learning Objectives 45
3.1 Introduction 45
CRYSTALSTRUCTURES 46
3.2 Fundamental Concepts 46
3.3 Unit Cells 47
3.4 Metallic Crystal Structures 47
3.5 Density Computations 51
3.6 Polymorphism and Allotropy 52
3.7 Crystal Systems 52
Materials of Importance—Tin
(Its Allotropic Transformation) 53
CRYSTALLOGRAPHICPOINTS, DIRECTIONS,
ANDPLANES 55
3.8 Point Coordinates 55
3.9 Crystallographic Directions 57
3.10 Crystallographic Planes 64
3.11 Linear and Planar Densities 68
3.12 Close-Packed Crystal
Structures 70
CRYSTALLINE ANDNONCRYSTALLINE
MATERIALS 72
3.13 Single Crystals 72
3.14 Polycrystalline Materials 72
3.15 Anisotropy 73
3.16 X-Ray Diffraction: Determination of
Crystal Structures 74
3.17 Noncrystalline Solids 79
Summary 80
Equation Summary 82
Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance
Summary 83
Important Terms and Concepts 83
References 83
Questions and Problems 84
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