EBOOK - Manufacturing Engineering and Technology 17th Ed (Serope Kalpakjian)


EBOOK - Công nghệ và kỹ thuật sản xuất (Serope Kalpakjian) - 407 Trang.

In preparing the seventh edition of this book, our goal continues to be to provide a comprehensive and state-of-the-art manufacturing engineering and technology text­ book,  with the additional  aims  of motivating and  challenging students  in  studying this important engineering discipline. As in the previous editions, the book attempts to present a broad overview, emphasizing a largely qualitative coverage of the science, technology,  and  practice of manufacturing.  We have  included  detailed  descriptions of the fundamentals of manufacturing processes, operations, and the manufacturing enterprise.


CONTENTS:

Part I:  Fundamentals o f Materials:  Behavior
and  M anufacturing  Properties  35
1  The Structure o f Metals  38
1.1  Introduction  38
1.2  Types of Atomic Bonds  39
1.3  The Crystal Structure of Metals  40
1.4  Deformation and Strength of Single Crystals  42
1.5  Grains and Grain Boundaries  45
1.6  Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Metals  48
1.7  Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain Growth  49
1.8  Cold, Warm, and Hot Working  50
Summary  51  Key Terms  51  Bibliography  52
Review Questions  52  Qualitative Problems  52
Quantitative Problems  53  Synthesis,  Design, and Projects  54
2  Mechanical  Behavior, Testing,  and Manufacturing
Properties of Materials  55
2.1  Introduction  55
2.2  Tension  56
2.3  Compression  65
2.4  Torsion  66
2.5  Bending (Flexure)  67
2.6  Hardness  67
2.7  Fatigue  73
2.8  Creep  74
2.9  Impact  74
2.10  Failure and Fracture of Materials  75
2.11  Residual Stresses  80
2.12  Work, Heat, and Temperature  81
Summary  82  Key Terms  83  Bibliography  83
Review Questions  84  Qualitative Problems  84
Quantitative Problems  85  Synthesis, Design, and Projects  86
3  Physical  Properties o f Materials  88
3.1  Introduction  88
3.2  Density  89
3.3  Melting Point  92
3.4  Specific Heat  92
3.5  Thermal Conductivity  93
3.6  Thermal Expansion  93
3.7  Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties  94
3.8  Corrosion Resistance  95
Summary  97  Key Terms  98  Bibliography  98
Review Questions  98  Qualitative Problems  98
Quantitative Problems  99  Synthesis,  Design, and Projects  99
4  Metal  Alloys: Their Structure and Strengthening
by Heat Treatment  101
4.1  Introduction  101
4.2  Structure of Alloys  102
4.3  Phase Diagrams  104
4.4  The Iron–carbon System  107
4.5  The Iron–iron-carbide Phase Diagram and the Development
of Microstructures in Steels  108
4.6  Cast Irons  109
4.7  Heat Treatment of Ferrous Alloys  111
4.8  Hardenability of Ferrous Alloys  113
4.9  Heat Treatment of Nonferrous Alloys
and Stainless Steels  117
4.10  Case Hardening  119
4.11  Annealing  121
4.12  Heat-treating Furnaces and Equipment  123
4.13  Design Considerations for Heat Treating  124
Summary  125  Key Terms  126  Bibliography  126
Review Questions  126  Qualitative Problems  127
Quantitative Problems  127  Synthesis, Design, and Projects  127
5 Ferrous Metals and  Alloys:  Production,  General
Properties,  and Applications  128
5.1  Introduction  128
5.2  Production of Iron and Steel  129
5.3  Casting of Ingots  132
5.4  Continuous Casting  133
5.5  Carbon and Alloy Steels  135
5.6  Stainless Steels  142
5.7  Tool and Die Steels  144
Summary  145  Key Terms  146  Bibliography  147
Review Questions  147  Qualitative Problems  147
Quantitative Problems  148  Synthesis,  Design, and Projects  148
6 Nonferrous Metals and  Alloys:  Production,
General  Properties,  and Applications  150
6.1  Introduction  150
6.2  Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys  151
6.3  Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys  155
6.4  Copper and Copper Alloys  156
6.5  Nickel and Nickel Alloys  158
6.6  Superalloys  159
6.7  Titanium and Titanium Alloys  160
6.8  Refractory Metals and Alloys  161
6.9  Beryllium  162
6.10  Zirconium  162
6.11  Low-melting Alloys  162
6.12  Precious Metals  164
6.13  Shape-memory Alloys (Smart Materials)  164
6.14  Amorphous Alloys (Metallic Glasses)  165
6.15  Metal Foams  165
Summary  166  Key Terms  166  Bibliography  166
Review Questions  167  Qualitative Problems  167
Quantitative Problems  167  Synthesis, Design, and Projects  168
7  Polymers:  Structure,  General  Properties,
and Applications  169
7.1  Introduction  169
7.2  The Structure of Polymers  171
7.3  Thermoplastics  178
7.4  Thermosetting Plastics  181
7.5  Additives in Plastics  182
7.6  General Properties and Applications
of Thermoplastics  183
7.7  General Properties and Applications
of Thermosetting Plastics  186
7.8  Biodegradable Plastics  187
7.9  Elastomers (Rubbers)  188
Summary  189  Key Terms  190  Bibliography  190
Review Questions  191  Qualitative Problems  191
Quantitative Problems  192  Synthesis,  Design, and Projects  193
8  Ceramics,  Glass, Graphite,  Diamond,  and
Nanomaterials:  Structure,  General  Properties,
and Applications  194
8.1  Introduction  194
8.2  The Structure of Ceramics  195
8.3  General Properties and Applications
of Ceramics  200
8.4  Glasses  204
8.5  Glass Ceramics  206
8.6  Graphite  207
8.7  Diamond  209
8.8  Nanomaterials  210
Summary  211  Key Terms  212  Bibliography  212
Review Questions  212  Qualitative Problems  213
Quantitative Problems  213  Synthesis,  Design, and Projects  213
9  Composite Materials: Structure,  General
Properties, and Applications  215
9.1  Introduction  215
9.2  The Structure of Reinforced Plastics  216
9.3  Properties of Reinforced Plastics  221
9.4  Applications of Reinforced Plastics  224
9.5  Metal-matrix Composites  226
9.6  Ceramic-matrix Composites  228
9.7  Other Composites  229
Summary  230  Key Terms  230  Bibliography  230
Review Questions  231  Qualitative Problems  231
Quantitative Problems  232  Synthesis,  Design, and Projects  232
Part II:  M e ta l-c a s tin g  Processes
and  Equipm ent  235
10  Fundamentals o f Metal Casting  237
10.1  Introduction  237
10.2  Solidification of Metals  238
10.3  Fluid Flow  243
10.4  Fluidity of Molten Metal  246
10.5  Heat Transfer  247
10.6  Defects  249
Summary  252  Key Terms  252  Bibliography  253
Review Questions  253  Qualitative Problems  253
Quantitative Problems  254  Synthesis, Design, and Projects  255
1 1  Metal-casting Processes and  Equipment  256
11.1  Introduction  256
11.2  Expendable-mold, Permanent-pattern Casting
Processes  260
11.3  Expendable-mold, Expendable-pattern Casting
Processes  269
11.4  Permanent-mold Casting Processes  276
11.5  Casting Techniques for Single-crystal Components  284
11.6  Rapid Solidification  286
11.7  Inspection of Castings  287
11.8  Melting Practice and Furnaces  287
11.9  Foundries and Foundry Automation  289
Summary  289  Key Terms  290  Bibliography  290
Review Questions  290  Qualitative Problems  291
Quantitative Problems  291  Synthesis,  Design, and Projects  292
12  Metal Casting:  Design,  Materials,
and  Economics  294
12.1  Introduction  294
12.2  Design Considerations in Casting  294
12.3  Casting Alloys  303
12.4  Economics of Casting  308
Summary  309  Key Terms  309  Bibliography  309
Review Questions  310  Qualitative Problems  310
Quantitative Problems  310  Synthesis, Design, and Projects  311
Part III:  Forming and  Shaping  Processes
and  Equipm ent  313
13 Metal-rolling Processes and  Equipment  316
13.1  Introduction  316
13.2  The Flat-rolling Process  318
13.3  Flat-rolling Practice  323
13.4  Rolling Mills  326
13.5  Various Rolling Processes and Mills  328
Summary  333  Key Terms  333  Bibliography  334
Review Questions  334  Qualitative Problems  334
Quantitative Problems  335   Synthesis, Design, and Projects  336
14 Metal-forging Processes and  Equipment  337
14.1  Introduction  337
14.2  Open-die Forging  339
14.3  Impression-die and Closed-die Forging  342
14.4  Various Forging Operations  345
14.5  Forgeability of Metals; Forging Defects  349
14.6  Die Design, Die Materials, and  Lubrication  351
14.7  Die-manufacturing Methods and Die Failure  354
14.8  Forging Machines  355
14.9  Economics of Forging  358
Summary  360  Key Terms  361  Bibliography  361
Review Questions  362  Qualitative Problems  362
Quantitative Problems  362  Synthesis,  Design, and Projects  363
15 Metal  Extrusion and  Drawing Processes
and  Equipment  364
15.1  Introduction  364
15.2  The Extrusion Process  366
15.3  Hot Extrusion  368
15.4  Cold Extrusion  372
15.5  Extrusion Defects  374
15.6  Design Considerations  376
15.7  Extrusion Equipment  376
15.8  The Drawing Process  377
15.9  Drawing Practice  379
15.10  Drawing Defects and Residual  Stresses  382
15.11  Drawing Equipment  382
Summary  383  Key Terms  384  Bibliography  384
Review Questions  384  Qualitative Problems  384
Quantitative Problems  385  Synthesis, Design, and Projects  385
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