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Dec 18, 2017

EBOOK - The Gas Turbine Handbook - Principles and Practices (Tony Giampaolo & Anthony J. Giampaolo)


EBOOK - Cẩm nang tuabin khí - Nguyên lý và thực hành (Tony Giampaolo & Anthony J. Giampaolo) - 94 Trang.

Over the past 30 years, I have had the opportunity of participating in the development of the gas turbine as the power plant for flight applications and as the land based prime mover in electric generation, compression, and pump drive applications.
In my present role as a consultant, I continue to use the information I gathered through experience over these many years. Several years ago I was invited to present this information, and my experiences, in a one day seminar on the operation and maintenance of the gas turbine.

Initially it was thought that the seminar, hosted by the Central California Association of Power Producers in Bakersfield, California, would attract an audience of 20 to 30 people. Therefore, it was quite a surprise that, only days after the seminar was announced, registration had exceeded 50 people. It was a bigger surprise that registration had to be closed at 100 participants due to lack of space. That seminar helped me to realize that their was a need for much of the information that I possessed and took for granted.
This book, which is modeled from the seminar, is an effort to provide this information.
Originally this effort was directed to plant engineers, operators and maintenance technicians. However, I soon realized that there was information that would be useful to others; companies planning to purchase a new unit or modify an existing one; experienced engineers and technicians considering a career change; young engineers looking for a career path. Hopefully this final version of the book satisfies these objectives.

Chapter 1—THE GAS TURBINE EVOLUTION................................. 1
1. History ........................................................................................ 1
2. Technical Improvements ........................................................... 7
Chapter 2—APPLICATIONS .............................................................. 11
1. Jets ........................................................................................... 11
2. Mechanical Drive ..................................................................... 15
Chapter 3—HARDWARE .................................................................... 23
1. Heavy Industrial ..................................................................... 23
2. Aero-Derivative ........................................................................ 27
Chapter 4—GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS THEORY ............................ 45
1. Gas Turbine Operating Cycle ................................................ 45
2. Component Efficiencies ........................................................... 49
3. Compressor .............................................................................. 52
4. Burner Section ......................................................................... 64
5. Turbine ..................................................................................... 66
Chapter 5—GAS TURBINE CONTROLS .......................................... 71
1. Gas Turbine Controls .............................................................. 71
Chapter 6—ACCESSORIES (Lube Oil, Coolers, Power) .................. 85
1. Starting Systems ..................................................................... 85
2. Ignition Systems ...................................................................... 90
3. Lubrication Systems ............................................................... 94
4. Characteristics of Lube Oils ................................................. 100
Chapter 7—PARAMETER CHARACTERISTICS ........................... 105
1. Vibration ................................................................................ 105
2. Vibration Measurement ........................................................ 107
3. Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) ........................................ 109
4. Rotor Speed ............................................................................ 109
5. Oil Pressure & Temperature ................................................ 111
Chapter 8—GAS TURBINE INLET TREATMENT ........................ 115
1. Inlet Air Filters ..................................................................... 117
2. Inlet Air Cooling .................................................................... 122
Chapter 9—GAS TURBINE EXHAUST TREATMENT ................. 129
1. Water Injection ...................................................................... 135
2. Steam Injection...................................................................... 136
3. Selective Catalytic Reduction ............................................... 137
Chapter 10— GAS TURBINE ACOUSTICS
AND NOISE CONTROL ............................................ 145
1. Turbine Acoustics and Noise Control .................................. 145
2. Acoustical Units of Measurement ........................................ 151
3. Noise Criterion ...................................................................... 153
4. Noise Control ......................................................................... 154
Chapter 11—DETECTABLE PROBLEMS .................................................. 167
1. Gas Path Analysis ................................................................. 168
2. Turbine Blade Distress ......................................................... 171
3. Compressor Fouling .............................................................. 179
4. Combustor Distress & Plugged Fuel Nozzles ..................... 183
5. Foreign/Domestic Object Damage ........................................ 183
6. Worn Air/Oil Seals ................................................................ 185
7. Fuel Control Problems .......................................................... 186
Chapter 12—BOROSCOPE INSPECTION ...................................... 189
1. Objectives & Expectations .................................................... 189
2. A Back-up to Confirming Suspected Problems ................... 192
3. Assessing Damage to the Compressor,
Combustor, and Turbine ....................................................... 193
Chapter 13—CASE HISTORY 1 ....................................................... 213
Chapter 14—CASE HISTORY 2 ....................................................... 233
Chapter 15—CASE HISTORY 3 ....................................................... 245
Chapter 16—THE GAS TURBINE’S FUTURE ............................... 253

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