Jan 28, 2018

EBOOK - Sensors for automotive technology (J. Marek)

EBOOK - Cảm biến cho công nghệ ô tô (J. Marek) - 577 Trang.

As the use of microelectronics became increasingly indispensable in measurement and control technology, so there was an increasing need for suitable sensors. From the mid-Seventies onwards sensors technology developed by leaps and bounds and within ten years had reached the point where it seemed desirable to publish a survey of what had been achieved so far. At the request of publishers WILEY-VCH, the task of editing was taken on by Wolfgang Göpel of the University of Tübingen (Germany), Joachim Hesse of Carl Zeiss (Germany) and Jay Zemel of the University of Philadelphia (USA), and between 1989 and 1995 a series called Sensors was published in 8 volumes covering the field to date.

The material was grouped and presented according to the underlying physical principles and reflected the degree of maturity of the respective methods and products. It was written primarily with researchers and design engineers in mind, and new developments have been published each year in one or two supplementary volumes calledSensors Update.
Both the publishers and the series editors, however, were agreed from the start that eventually sensor users would want to see publications only dealing with their own specific technical or scientific fields. Sure enough, during the Nineties we saw significant developments in applications for sensor technology, and it is now an indispensable part of many industrial processes and systems. It is timely,
therefore, to launch a new series, Sensors Applications. WILEY-VCH again commissioned Wolfgang Göpel and Joachim Hesse to plan the series, but sadly Wolfgang Göpel suffered a fatal accident in June 1999 and did not live to see publication.
We are fortunate that Julian Gardner of the University of Warwick has been able to take his place, but Wolfgang Göpel remains a co-editor posthumously and will not be forgotten.
The series of Sensors Applicationswill deal with the use of sensors in the key technical and economic sectors and systems: Sensors in Manufacturing, Intelligent Buildings, Medicine and Health Care, Automotive Technology, Aerospace Technology, Environmental TechnologyandHousehold Appliances. Each volume will be edited by specialists in the field. Individual volumes may differ in certain respects as dictated by the topic, but the emphasis in each case will be on the process or system in question: which sensor is used, where, how and why, and exactly what the benefits are to the user.
The process or system itself will of course be outlined and the volume will close with a look ahead to likely developments and applications in the future. Actual sensor functions will only be described where it seems necessary for an understanding of how they relate to the process or system. The basic principles can always be found in the earlier series ofSensorsandSensors Update.
The series editors would like to express their warm appreciation in the colleagues who have contributed their expertise as volume editors or authors. We are deeply indebted to the publisher and would like to thank in particular Dr. Peter Gregory, Dr. Jörn Ritterbusch and Dr. Claudia Barzen for their constructive assistance both with the editorial detail and the publishing venture in general. We trust that our endeavors will meet with the reader’s approval.

2 Automotive Sensor Market 5
Karl-Franz ReinhartandMatthias Illing
2.1 Introduction 5
2.2 Automotive Sensor Market Overview 6
2.3 Incentives and Current Trends in Automotive Sensors 9
2.4 Regional Trends 11
2.5 Market for Individual Sensors 12
2.6 Outlook: New Sensors and Market Opportunities 16
2.7 Summary 19
2.8 References 20
3 Measurement Principles: Basic Considerations about Sensing 21
Hans-Peter Trah, Kersten KehrandRoland Müller-Fiedler
3.1 Basic Considerations and Definitions 22
3.2 Classification of Sensor-Input Signals 24
3.3 Signal Conversion and Signal Extraction (Signal Path) 28
3.4 Sensor Output Signals 32
3.5 Summary and Outlook 36
3.6 References 37
4 Design Methodology 39
4.1 Methodology 39
Reinhard NeulandHans-Reiner Krauss
4.2 CAD Tools for MEMS 58
Gunar LorenzandJoe Repke
5 Technology 73
5.1 Bulk Micromachining 73
Daniel LapadatuandHenrik Jakobsen
5.2 Integrated Surface Micromachining Technology 92
Bob Sulouff
5.3 Surface Micromachining – Discrete 103
Jan Peter Stadler, Michael Offenberg, and Franz Lärmer
5.4 Thin Films on Steel 123
Stefan Finkbeiner
5.5 Thin Films on Silicon 141
Matthias FürtschandStefan Finkbeiner
5.6 Ceramic Materials and Technologies for Exhau



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