EBOOK - ASHRAE GreenGuide Design, Construction, and Operation of Sustainable Buildings (Fifth Edition)

EBOOK - ASHRAE Green Hướng dẫn thiết kế, xây dựng và vận hành các tòa nhà bền vững (528 Trang).

This new edition of ASHRAE GreenGuiderepresents another significant update and revision to what has become one of ASHRAE’s primary contributions toward sustainable design of the built environment.The new fifth edition is being released as we close in on the fifteenth anniversary of the release of the first edition in January 2004. A lot has changed in the industry in general, and in green design practices in particular, during those years.

Many of the concepts that seemed “out there” in the time period that the first edition was published are now considered mainstream and, in some cases, are now actually required by code. We have tried to incorporate these trends in making revisions to this fifth edition as well as take a look into the crystal ball and anticipate future trends. It has been ASHRAE’s plan to update and maintain this book on a regular basis because of this rapidly evolving field and to support ASHRAE’s committed goal of global leadership in sustainability and technical education. This also follows the example set by ASHRAE’s rebranding in 2012.
Since the release of the fourth edition of theGreenGuide, a number of developments have occurred in the green building arena. ASHRAE has continued to refine and modify ANSI/ASHRAE/USGBC/IES Standard 189.1, with a new release of that standard published in late 2014 and another in process for late 2017.
A recent agreement between ASHRAE and the International Code Council (ICC) will result in the merging of Standard 189.1 and theInternational Green Construction Code(IgCC) beginning with the 2018 code cycle. ASHRAE is responsible for the technical content and ICC is responsible for the administrative provisions. This will hopefully result in further adoption and use of this code, and other organizations and jurisdictions are using these as the basis for their own codes and design
standards. Thus, the industry is witnessing the continued evolution of green building programs from strictly voluntary to being both more mainstream within the industry as well as mandatory in jurisdictions that have adopted these standards for their building codes.


Who Should Use ASHRAE GreenGuide xviii
How to Use ASHRAE GreenGuide xviii
Historical Background on ASHRAE GreenGuide xix
Acknowledgments xxi
Section 1: Basics
Chapter 1: Introduction and Background 3
Introduction 3
Relationship to Sustainability 5
Commitment to Green/Sustainable
High-Performance Projects 5
What Drives Green Projects 6
The Impact of Carbon Considerations 6
Sustainability in Architecture 9
References and Resources 16
Chapter 2: Green Rating Systems, Standards,
and Other Guidance 19
Green-Building Rating Systems—Introduction 19
The LEED Rating System 21
Other Guidelines, Resources, and Certification Programs 22
Building Energy Quotient (Building EQ) 24
European Programs 26
Implementation Through Green Building
Standards and Codes 27
ANSI/ASHRAE/USGBC/IES Standard 189.1 and
the International Green Construction Code(IgCC) 27
IEQ 30
Residential Buildings 32
Other Building Codes 32
References and Resources 34
Section 2: The Design Process
Chapter 3: Project Strategies and Early Design 41
Ingredients of a Successful Green Project Endeavor 41
The Owner's Role 42
Incentives for Green Design 43
The Design Process—Early Stages 47
The Design Team 50
The Engineer's Role 54
Concept Development 58
Expressing and Testing Concepts 59
Building Information Modeling (BIM)/
Building Energy Modeling (BEM) 62
References and Resources 66
Chapter 4: Commissioning 73
The Evolution of the Commissioning Concept 74
Commissioning Phases and Process 75
Commissioning Documents 76
Project Phases 78
Decisions to Make During the Commissioning Process 86
References and Resources 90
Chapter 5: Architectural Design and Planning Impacts 91
Overview 91
Concise History of the Design of Buildings 91
Design Process for Sustainable Architecture 92
Intentions in Architecture and Building System Development 98
References and Resources 100
Chapter 6: Conceptual Engineering Design—
Load Determination 101
The Role of Energy Modeling During Conceptual Design 103
Determining the Load Drivers with Parametric Simulations 104
Energy Impacts of Architectural Features 105
Thermal/Mass Transfer of Envelope 106
Engineering Internal Load-Determining Factors 107
References and Resources 120
Chapter 7: Sustainable Sites 123
Location of the Building Project 123
Urban Heat Island Effect 124
Exterior Lighting 126
Stormwater Management 127
References and Resources 131
Chapter 8: Indoor Environmental Quality 139
Introduction 139
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) 140
Thermal Comfort and Control 160
Light and Illumination 162
Acoustics 164
References and Resources 165
Chapter 9: Energy Conversion and Distribution Systems 169
Energy Exchange 169
Energy Delivery Methods 172
Hydronics 175
Air 179
Energy Conversion/Generation Equipment 180
Energy Conversion/Generation Plant Design 182
District Energy Systems 186
Distributed Electricity Generation 188
References and Resources 193
Chapter 10: Energy Sources 253
Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy Sources 253
Water-Energy Nexus 254
Solar 255
Wind 265
Hydro 266
Biomass 267
References and Resources 267
Chapter 11: Lighting Systems 287
Overview 287
Electric Lighting 287
Daylight Harvesting 294
Light Conveyors (Tubular Daylighting Devices) 298
Lighting Controls 298
Cost Considerations 302
References and Resources 302
Chapter 12: Water Efficiency 307
The Energy-Water Balance 308
Cooling Tower Systems 310
Domestic Water Heating 315
Plumbing 315
Water Recovery and Reuse 316
References and Resources 317
Chapter 13: Smart Building Systems 339
Integrated Building Automation Systems 340
Detailing the Design of a Control System 341
Automated Fault Detection and Diagnosis 344
Smart Hardware 346
Control Systems and Building Occupants 347
Control Systems and Energy and Water Efficiency 348
Control Systems and Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) 351
Control Systems Commissioning 352
Interaction of a Smart Building with the Smart Grid 354
References and Resources 354
Chapter 14: Completing Design and
Documentation for Construction 357
Drawings/Documentation Stage 357
Specifying Materials/Equipment 357
Cost Estimating and Budget Reconciliation 358
Bidding 358
Managing Risk 359
Project Delivery Methods and Contractor Selection 360
References and Resources 363
Chapter 15: Construction 367
Site Planning and Development 367
The Engineer's Role in Construction Quality 367
Construction Practices and Methods 368
Commissioning During Construction 369
Moving into Occupancy and Operation 370
References and Resources 370
Chapter 16: Operation, Maintenance,
and Performance Evaluation 373
Energy Modeling 374
On Construction 375
Building Performance Labeling 375
Filling the Gap: Measurement and Verification 376
Occupant Surveys 377
On Operation and Maintenance 378
Personnel Management 379
References and Resources 382
Section 3: Postdesign—Construction and Beyond
Chapter 17: Residential Applications 387
Energy Use: Residential Building Sector 388
Standards 389
Performance 393
Architecture and Design 396
Future Trends 403

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