## ESH Handbook (CHN) - Sổ tay an toàn, sức khỏe, môi trường (Tiếng Trung)

1. 环境、安全与健康方针

合约商应建立并保持环境、安全与健康方针，形成文件、加以执行、并且对全体雇员进行通报。这一承诺应包括：

a. 合约商本身的活动与产品、服务的性质、规模和影响 相适应；

b. 对持续改进和污染防止的承诺；

c. 对遵守与之适用的有关的环境、安全与健康的法律法 规以及其他要求的承诺；

d. 建立和检查环境、安全与健康的目标和指标的框架；

e. 可为公众所获取。

目录

环境安全健康管理················································································· 1-1 1.

A．管理体系························································································ 1-1

B．环境安全与健康委员会································································· 1-12

C．工伤/疾病系统管理······································································· 1-15

i 未遂事件/事故调查·································································· 1-16

i 危害报告··················································································· 1-17

i 危害评估··················································································· 1-17

i 危害纠正··················································································· 1-18

2. 环境保护································································································· 2-1

A．废气排放························································································ 2-1

B．有害废物························································································ 2-9

C．多氯联苯（PCBs）······································································· 2-14

D．废水································································································ 2-16

E．固体废物························································································ 2-20

F．地下储罐························································································· 2-22

G．地面储罐························································································ 2-26

H．泄漏处理························································································ 2-29

化学品管理····························································································· 3-1 3.

A．化学品危害信息交流···································································· 3-1

B．化学品标签···················································································· 3-1

C．限制性生产材料（RMS）···························································· 3-9

D．化学品储存、搬运、配送、分发················································· 3-11

设施及维护····························································································· 4-1

4.

A．一般工作环境················································································ 4-1

i 整理工作··················································································· 4-1

i 墙与地面··················································································· 4-2

i 楼梯及梯道··············································································· 4-3

i 出口··························································································· 4-7

i 照明··························································································· 4-9

ii ESH手册 nike

B．通风································································································ 4-14

i 排气通风··················································································· 4-14

i 排烟罩······················································································· 4-18

C．意外事故预防标识和标签····························································· 4-21

D．机械加工车间安全········································································ 4-23

i 总则··························································································· 4-23

i 台式和立式磨床······································································· 4-24

i 废气软管、工具和压缩机························································ 4-26

i 风防护······················································································· 4-28

i 便携式及电动手工工具··························································· 4-28

i 工具及设备维护······································································· 4-32

i 梯子安全··················································································· 4-45

i 压缩气瓶··················································································· 4-48

E．合约商及下一级合约商安全守则················································· 4-52

F．密闭空间保护················································································· 4-53

G．焊接、切割及铜焊········································································ 4-55

5. 工业健康································································································· 5-1

A．高温预防························································································ 5-1

B．低温预防························································································ 5-4

C．职业性噪声暴露············································································ 5-7

D．人机工效学/人机工程··································································· 5-15

E．非-电离辐射（紫外线（UV）和射频（RF）辐射）·················· 5-23

F．血媒传染病····················································································· 5-32

G．石棉································································································ 5-35

H．职业暴露限值················································································ 5-39

应急准备及响应····················································································· 6-1 6.

A．应急行动························································································ 6-1

B．消防································································································ 6-4

i 消防计划··················································································· 6-4

i 消防措施··················································································· 6-7

i 消防队······················································································· 6-7

i 灭火器······················································································· 6-10

目录iii

C．医疗服务和急救············································································ 6-18

i 一般要求··················································································· 6-18

i 急救和包箱··············································································· 6-20

i 洗眼和喷淋设备······································································· 6-22

7. 个体防护用品 ····················· 7-1

i 工作服······················································································· 7-1

i 头部防护··················································································· 7-2

i 眼和脸面的防护······································································· 7-3

i 手的防护··················································································· 7-6

i 脚的防护··················································································· 7-11

i 呼吸防护··················································································· 7-11

i 听力防护··················································································· 7-17

i 坠落防护··················································································· 7-19

机器及设备安全····················································································· 8-1 8.

A．叉车及机动车操作········································································ 8-1

B．能量控制（标定/锁定）································································ 8-10

C．机器防护························································································ 8-16

D．粉碎机和砑光机············································································ 8-27

E．电气安全························································································ 8-31

F．起重机、提升机、链和吊索························································· 8-43

健康········································································································· 9-1 9.

A．宿舍································································································ 9-1

B．诊所································································································ 9-6

C．食堂································································································ 9-11

D．卫生································································································ 9-15

E．饮用水···························································································· 9-18

F．育儿设施管理················································································· 9-21

10 取样设备/仪器使用指南········································································ 10-1

A．3M有机物蒸气监测器（OVM）················································· 10-1

B．声级计指南···················································································· 10-5

一般信息、重量和量度········································································· 11-1

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1. 环境、安全与健康方针

合约商应建立并保持环境、安全与健康方针，形成文件、加以执行、并且对全体雇员进行通报。这一承诺应包括：

a. 合约商本身的活动与产品、服务的性质、规模和影响 相适应；

b. 对持续改进和污染防止的承诺；

c. 对遵守与之适用的有关的环境、安全与健康的法律法 规以及其他要求的承诺；

d. 建立和检查环境、安全与健康的目标和指标的框架；

e. 可为公众所获取。

目录

环境安全健康管理················································································· 1-1 1.

A．管理体系························································································ 1-1

B．环境安全与健康委员会································································· 1-12

C．工伤/疾病系统管理······································································· 1-15

i 未遂事件/事故调查·································································· 1-16

i 危害报告··················································································· 1-17

i 危害评估··················································································· 1-17

i 危害纠正··················································································· 1-18

2. 环境保护································································································· 2-1

A．废气排放························································································ 2-1

B．有害废物························································································ 2-9

C．多氯联苯（PCBs）······································································· 2-14

D．废水································································································ 2-16

E．固体废物························································································ 2-20

F．地下储罐························································································· 2-22

G．地面储罐························································································ 2-26

H．泄漏处理························································································ 2-29

化学品管理····························································································· 3-1 3.

A．化学品危害信息交流···································································· 3-1

B．化学品标签···················································································· 3-1

C．限制性生产材料（RMS）···························································· 3-9

D．化学品储存、搬运、配送、分发················································· 3-11

设施及维护····························································································· 4-1

4.

A．一般工作环境················································································ 4-1

i 整理工作··················································································· 4-1

i 墙与地面··················································································· 4-2

i 楼梯及梯道··············································································· 4-3

i 出口··························································································· 4-7

i 照明··························································································· 4-9

ii ESH手册 nike

B．通风································································································ 4-14

i 排气通风··················································································· 4-14

i 排烟罩······················································································· 4-18

C．意外事故预防标识和标签····························································· 4-21

D．机械加工车间安全········································································ 4-23

i 总则··························································································· 4-23

i 台式和立式磨床······································································· 4-24

i 废气软管、工具和压缩机························································ 4-26

i 风防护······················································································· 4-28

i 便携式及电动手工工具··························································· 4-28

i 工具及设备维护······································································· 4-32

i 梯子安全··················································································· 4-45

i 压缩气瓶··················································································· 4-48

E．合约商及下一级合约商安全守则················································· 4-52

F．密闭空间保护················································································· 4-53

G．焊接、切割及铜焊········································································ 4-55

5. 工业健康································································································· 5-1

A．高温预防························································································ 5-1

B．低温预防························································································ 5-4

C．职业性噪声暴露············································································ 5-7

D．人机工效学/人机工程··································································· 5-15

E．非-电离辐射（紫外线（UV）和射频（RF）辐射）·················· 5-23

F．血媒传染病····················································································· 5-32

G．石棉································································································ 5-35

H．职业暴露限值················································································ 5-39

应急准备及响应····················································································· 6-1 6.

A．应急行动························································································ 6-1

B．消防································································································ 6-4

i 消防计划··················································································· 6-4

i 消防措施··················································································· 6-7

i 消防队······················································································· 6-7

i 灭火器······················································································· 6-10

目录iii

C．医疗服务和急救············································································ 6-18

i 一般要求··················································································· 6-18

i 急救和包箱··············································································· 6-20

i 洗眼和喷淋设备······································································· 6-22

7. 个体防护用品 ····················· 7-1

i 工作服······················································································· 7-1

i 头部防护··················································································· 7-2

i 眼和脸面的防护······································································· 7-3

i 手的防护··················································································· 7-6

i 脚的防护··················································································· 7-11

i 呼吸防护··················································································· 7-11

i 听力防护··················································································· 7-17

i 坠落防护··················································································· 7-19

机器及设备安全····················································································· 8-1 8.

A．叉车及机动车操作········································································ 8-1

B．能量控制（标定/锁定）································································ 8-10

C．机器防护························································································ 8-16

D．粉碎机和砑光机············································································ 8-27

E．电气安全························································································ 8-31

F．起重机、提升机、链和吊索························································· 8-43

健康········································································································· 9-1 9.

A．宿舍································································································ 9-1

B．诊所································································································ 9-6

C．食堂································································································ 9-11

D．卫生································································································ 9-15

E．饮用水···························································································· 9-18

F．育儿设施管理················································································· 9-21

10 取样设备/仪器使用指南········································································ 10-1

A．3M有机物蒸气监测器（OVM）················································· 10-1

B．声级计指南···················································································· 10-5

一般信息、重量和量度········································································· 11-1

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